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  • trompe-l'œil

    French for "deceive the eye," trompe-l'œil is an artistic technique to create the realistic illusion that an image exists in three dimensions.

    Art history; General art history
  • sprezzatura

    A Renaissance ideal of appearing to create art effortlessly and gracefully to demonstrate one's immense skill.

    Art history; Renaissance
  • self portrait

    A representation of an artist, created by the artist. As the social status of artists improved during the Renaissance, from anonymous craftsmen to respected intellectuals, artists increasingly began depicting themselves as a main subject in their works.

    Art history; General art history
  • school of painting

    Can refer to painters from the same country, city, or a group of painters that follow in the style of another artist (e.g. Dutch School, Florentine School, School of Raphael).

    Art history; General art history
  • history painting

    Considered the most important genre painting for most of the 20th century. History painting focused on narrative and depicted mythological, biblical, or historical subject matter and had a moralizing tone.

    Art history; General art history
  • foreshortening

    A perspectival technique that creates the illusion of an object receding sharply into the distance. Renaissance artists often used foreshortening to demonstrate their skill.

    Art history; General art history
  • focal point

    The center of visual interest in a 2D painting where the viewer's eye is naturally drawn.

    Art history; General art history
  • disegno vs. colorito

    The Renaissance theoretical debate between drawing vs. color, generally divided between the Florentine and Venetian art traditions.

    Art history; Renaissance
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